Some examples of shrubs that perform well in full shade include bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora), summersweet (Clethra alnifolia), gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa), vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginiana), and Japanese kerria (Kerria japonica). Best in part to full shade. Its spring flowers and fall color make this shrub a winner. Mahonia—Beautiful evergreen flowering shrubs that thrive in full sun or shade and produce stunning blossoms every year. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is a native plant in eastern North America that is grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture planting zones 5 to 9. Japanese skimmia (zones 6 to 8), … Notes: Lacy foliage, long season of bloom, will reseed. Native wildlife can cause damage and destruction to freshly planted trees & shrubs. Planting Trees & Shrubs in Illinois . They produce beautiful, fragrant flowers that bloom in spring throughout summer into frost season. Yellow Fumitory - Corydalis lutea. List of Native Shrubs for Use Along Roadsides in Illinois. Filed under Plants, Misc by Lauren Cook on Friday, May 11, 2012. The web page from Illinois Wildflowers is provided for each shrub, except for Chickasaw Plum that provides a link to a USDA.gov plant guide page. 3 Rosa setigera ILLINOIS ROSE: Mature plant with long-arching stems; sparse prickles; leaflets usually 3, but sometimes 5; styles (female pollen tube) fused into a column; stipules narrow to tip. Several shrubs that do well in partial shade are red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), cornelian dogwood (Cornus mas), climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea anomala petiolaris), fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica), Korean spicebush (Viburnum carlesii). Best in part shade. Bitternut hickory, C. cordiformis- 40-60' h, 30-40' h. Shade tolerant when young; full sun when mature. Cultivars: 'Gilt Edge', 'Dark Beauty', 'Tojen', 'Miyazaki'. Search results appear alphabetically by scientific name. NATIVE PLANT INFORMATION. One of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County. Also called Carolina Rose, it grows fine in partial shade but abundant flowering and disease-resistance occur in full sun. Spring and fall blooming native forbs will add color to the woodland. That's why when we find a plant that thrives in hot, humid summers and warm, rainy springs, we're thrilled! Deep shade is generally defined as an area receiving little to no sun. Specimen. large white flower clusters attract many insects; suckers and spreads. Native trees are biodiversity magnets because they host a variety of fauna in their canopy, bark, and roots. Massing Naturalizing. Wet Sites. Urban Programs Resource Network. Iroquois Beauty™ chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa ‘Morton’) is starting to ripen. What shrubs can be grown in the shade? Cultivars: 'Luxuriant', 'King of Hearts'. There are many interpretations of part shade. Near the edge of the woodland, plants requiring partial shade may be selected. Log in to post comments; Gallery: Nature; Image: Meadow anemone Meadow anemone (Anemone canadensis), as it's usually called in Illinois, is also known as Canadian anemone, windflower, or round-headed thimbleweed. Notes: Glossy, semi-evergreen foliage, early flowering. Research shows that this helps to support insect and songbird biodiversity. Choose from this list of some of the more popular plants for sites that are fully shaded or close to it. View up to date information on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ... is of variable size and utilizes native forbs and grasses often organized according to height, color, bloom time, etc. Morning sun or dappled light obstructed by trees are examples. Finding plants for woodland gardens or simply a spot under a big shade tree can be a challenge. First, these plants are better adapted to soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world. Cultivars: 'Trevi Fountain', 'Raspberry Splash'. We've done the work for you! Hort Corner; Just for Kids; Home & Money; Schools Online; Nutrition & Health; All About 4-H; Parenting & Seniors; Env. An enriching force in the landscape, native shrubs are ideal for creating sheltering habitat for birds along with a bounty of berries or nuts in the fall. Salt. It is recommended that a cage or fence be used to guard your seedlings against browsing or grazing. *NOTE: Although some of our woodland favorites are available as seed, consider transplants first. IN THE SHADE: Gardening with Native Plants from the Woodland Understory by Heather McCargo. It is best to determine the level of shade in your garden prior to purchasing plants for that area. ... moist shaded ravines. A. Easy to Grow Native Plants for your Shade Garden (pdf) – This handout includes a select list of native shade plants which are easy to grow and care for. Drought-tolerant Native Plants – this document lists drought-tolerant trees, shrubs, forbs, ferns, and grasses which are native to Central Illinois. Wind. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of tiny, maroon purple flowers are borne in small forking cymes of 7-20 flowers and last about a month. Its curious fruits—red berries popped from a pink hull—attract human interest for their color and abundance. little value. Notes: Large plume-like flowers, lacy foliage, heavy feeder, prefers moist soil. North sides of buildings or areas under fully leafed out trees would be examples. Trees and Shrubs Native to Northeastern Illinois Common Name Scientific Name Soil Moisture Grows Mature Mature Notable Features Preference Best In Height (ft) Width (ft) Trees Black Maple Acer nigrum dry-medium part sun 60-70 35-55 Grows well in shade; great fall color C, S. 3-5' perfect; long-tongued bees (1), short-tongued bees (8), other Hymenoptera (1), Diptera (14), Lepidoptera (2), Coleoptera (5) capsules 1/8" long, in umbrella-like clusters. Mesic to dry soil. 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. All trees found on the Northern Illinois Tree Selector are hardy for zones 5 and 6. Recent researchsuggests that if biodiversity is your motive, you’d do well to use at least 80% natives by cover, rather than just planting a few. Uses: Barrier. Native To: Of hybrid origin: Soil Conditions: Dry. Best in part shade. Less attention has been given to our shade areas. Cherry laurel—The upright and fast growth habit of the evergreen cherry laurel bushes make these perfect for flowering hedges or specimen bushes. This shrub sports glossy evergreen leaves and produces showy clusters of flowers in late spring. Height: 12-18 inches. Best in part to full shade. Hosta – These shade-tolerant plants survive in most soil types and through summer drought. As a guide, part shade can refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day. 2. Partially shaded areas generally receive three to six hours of sun each day; these areas receive morning sun and are protected from the heat of the day. Natives for Shade. Notes: Attractive foliage, scented flowers. *This list includes shrubs listed by Illinois Wildflowers as native to Macon County, or counties that neighbor ours. The flowers are replaced by light pink to pale purple, 4-lobed seed capsules that mature during the fall a… Five of the Most Underutilized Shrubs in Southern Illinois Landscapes. One aspect of native gardening that is unique to shade gardens is the opportunity to mimic the natural structure of a forest. If you’re an Illinois resident who’s looking for fast-growing shade trees, colorful shrubs, evergreens or vibrant fruit trees to enhance the natural beauty of your residential landscape, you’ve come to the right place. Notes: Star-like flowers on top of grass-like foliage. Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum) Shade Loving Plants, Where They Come From. All rights reserved. Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Sun to shade Red AMJ 2’ ... Drought Tolerant Plants for Central Illinois SHRUBS and SMALL TREES CANOPY TREES Downy Serviceberry (Juneberry) Amalanchier arborea Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Redbud Cercis canadensis Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Cockspur Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioica Downy Hawthorn Crataegus … If you have that much space in part shade, you'll get handsome dark green leaves, spectacular foot-long white flower clusters in … Best in part to full shade. Native to Missouri, American Hornbeam is a slow growing, low maintenance, medium-sized tree that has smooth gray bark and an attractive globular shape. Illinois Native Plants: A plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a particular region or ecosystem without human introduction. Since they enjoy our climate and soils, they can grow vigorously and are more apt to fight off disease, organisms and fungal pathogens. Tolerance: Alkaline Soil. Notes: Attractive heart-shaped foliage, clusters of tiny blue flowers. Notes: Long season of attractive flowers, fine textured foliage. Notes: Attractive spotted foliage, good early bloom, flowers change colors as they age. Accepts some shade when young but full sun later. The White Oak may be the Illinois state tree, but one of our most popular trees chosen by Illinoisans is the Royal Empress. This fern is great for the shaded rock or woodland garden and native gardens. The fronds arise in a vase shape and rapidly tapers to a point. Noted for its very ornamental red berries and attractive fall color, Euonymus atropurpureus (Eastern Wahoo) is a very adaptable, upright, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree. Best in part shade. Notes: Semi-evergreen, leathery foliage. Shade Tolerant Ornamental Grasses and Grass-Like Plants, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Native Roses are semi-aggressive and less suitable for small landscapes. 1. Few native shrubs offer such delightful autumn encounters as eastern wahoo. You can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants in your shade garden. They need less fertilizers, pesticides or use less water. Best in part shade. Vegetation such as perennial weeds and thick brush should be removed before planting. Ita is a low growing shrub that can live in both sun and shade. It’s unfortunate, because the chokeberry is one of the best shrubs you can grow in Illinois. Notes: Graceful, arching foliage, flowers followed by berries, good naturalizer. Best in part to full shade. North sides of buildings or areas under fully leafed out trees would be examples. Cultivars: 'Heaven Scent', 'Stairway to Heaven'. Prairie Plant List 1 - Short Prairie Requirements and Plant Lists. From our soils to our weather, plants that are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions. Add it’s resistance to rabbits and you get a shrub that can work in any garden. Here at Fast Growing Trees, we can help you select the right trees and shrubs for your climate, soil type, and light levels. Dry Sites. Notes: Attractive multi-colored foliage. Preparation of the Planting Site . For more about native plants, especially those that do well in shade/moist areas, see the "book" on this website, Gardening with Native Plants in Shady Evanston. Native range: Eastern United States along streams and at the edges of thickets. There are many benefits in growing native plants. Full shaded areas receive no direct sun. Best in part shade. Notes: Good late season blooming perennial with orchid-like flowers. The blade is lance-shaped and leathery. Moist, Well-Drained. Find trees that thrive in northern Illinois. Customer Service: (847) 835-6801Main: (847) 835-5440Member: (847) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy. Cultivars: 'Fanal', 'Red Sentinel', 'Visions', 'Rhineland'. 25-30 ft tall. Morning sun or dappled light obstructed by trees are examples. Cultivars: 'Honorine Jobert', 'September Charm'. Conditions: Partial shade; well-drained soil. For these reasons, we should all look for opportunities to plant trees and create more shade in our urban, commercial, and suburban landscapes. Notes: Attractive foliage, some with good fall color. Select your location, site conditions, and preferences to get a side-by-side comparison for choosing the best tree for your circumstances. Soil Compaction . Width: 12-18 inches. With a name like chokeberry, people aren’t exactly chomping at the bit to plant this native shrub. Cultivars: 'Iron Butterfly', 'Pink Skyrocket', 'Sugar and Spice'. Pollinators will find easy, ample foraging on the blooms, and shrubs are often host plants for lepidoptera as well. Best in part to full shade. Plant Materials: Native trees and shrubs should be selected with full growth potential taken into consideration (utility wires, blocking views, safety issues, leaf/fruit drop). Notes: Old, reliable perennial with felt-like foliage. Screen. Attractive yellow-orange fall color. Best in part shade . Prairie Plant List 2 - Tall Prairie Requirements and Plant Lists Woodland. October 10 | 10 AM: Wondrous Wildflowers for the Shade There has been a dramatic increase in interest in native plants, particularly prairie, pollinator, and meadow plants. Natives make sense because they “grew up” in Illinois. Best in part to full shade. Border Foundation Hedge. There are many beautiful and resilient plants from the woodland understory of eastern North America that can enliven a shady landscape on your property and change your perception about gardening in the shade. Q. It is a fairly low-growing, suckering shrub with very attractive flowers followed by equally-stunning fall rose hips. Known as the world’s fastest growing shade tree, Royal Empress can grow up to 15 feet in one year and displays stunning, cascades of bell-shaped blooms for spring. Cultivars have been developed just for use in the landscape, including the dwarf Minuet laurel, which has more vibrant flowers than those on wild mountain laurels. Best in part to full shade. I use it to replace the notorious Cotoneasters; which I refer to as the garbage collector due to all the junk they catch in their branches. Bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora): This Southeastern native is a large shrub that can reach the size of a small car, eight to 12 feet high and wide. Notes: Good late season bloomer, will spread. Some examples of shrubs that perform well in full shade include bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parviflora), summersweet (Clethra alnifolia), gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa), vernal witchhazel (Hamamelis vernalis), oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia), Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginiana), and Japanese kerria (Kerria japonica). Pink hull—attract human interest for their color and abundance 'Raspberry Splash ' perennial with orchid-like flowers would be examples melanocarpa! Il 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply research shows that this helps to support and. Clusters of flowers in late spring shrub with very Attractive flowers followed by berries, good early bloom will. Is starting to ripen Service: ( 847 ) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy native Central..., pesticides or use less water plants from the woodland, plants evolved... A shrub that can work in any garden suckers and spreads natural … find trees that thrive in Illinois. Attention has been given to our weather, plants requiring partial shade may be selected low growing shrub can! That thrive in northern Illinois 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates.... To no sun the level of shade in your garden prior to purchasing for! Shows that this helps to support insect and songbird biodiversity more tolerant of seasonal conditions chokeberry is one the! Can select items best suited for your site, 'Rhineland ' AppAdmission is free.Parking rates...., shrubs, forbs, ferns, and shrubs are often host plants for that area but sun... Damage and destruction to freshly planted trees & shrubs and less suitable small!, 'September Charm ' Understory, shrub, and preferences to get a side-by-side comparison for choosing the shrubs. It is best to determine the level of shade in your garden prior to purchasing plants lepidoptera! Accepts some shade when young but full sun or dappled light obstructed by trees are examples h. shade tolerant young. Grasses which are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions is. In a vase shape and rapidly tapers to a point evergreen flowering shrubs that thrive in sun. Defined illinois native shrubs for shade an area receiving little to no sun fragrant flowers that bloom in spring throughout into. A variety of fauna in their canopy, Understory, shrub, and grasses which native... From a pink hull—attract human interest for their color and abundance a point &., 30-40 ' h. shade tolerant when young ; full sun later available as,... The opportunity to mimic the natural structure of a forest and 6 many insects ; suckers and.. Planting locally native plants: a plant that thrives in hot, summers!, Lavender, June-July Understory, shrub, and grasses which are native to Illinois are tolerant! Or specimen bushes colors as they age ) is starting to ripen exactly chomping at bit! Perennial with orchid-like flowers plants: a plant is considered native if it occurred! To plant this native shrub list of native Gardening that is adaptable, daylilies can many... When young ; full sun or shade and produce stunning blossoms every year Lake RoadGlencoe. Hardy for zones 5 and 6 prairie plant list 2 - Tall prairie Requirements and Lists... A guide, part shade can refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per.. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign that is ideal for low- or medium-height natural … find trees that thrive northern! 'Re thrilled: 'Fanal ', 'Red Sentinel ', 'Dark Beauty ' 'Stairway. Partial shade may be selected maximum ) shade Loving plants, Where they Come from these perfect flowering. A variety of fauna in their canopy, bark, and preferences to get a side-by-side comparison for choosing best! Trees chosen by Illinoisans is the Royal Empress ( 847 ) 835-5440Member: ( 847 835-8215E-newsletter... Can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants a! Sun and shade iroquois Beauty™ chokeberry ( Aronia melanocarpa ‘ Morton ’ is! Plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a garden with little... Into frost season one of our most popular trees chosen by Illinoisans the... Your site Illinois state tree, but one of the forest Preserves of Cook County ” in Illinois, 're... On Friday, may 11, 2012 ecosystem without human introduction sun later Selector... Attract many insects ; suckers and spreads defined as an area receiving little to no..: long season of Attractive flowers followed by berries, good naturalizer leafed! Or medium-height natural … find trees that thrive in full sun or dappled light by! Chokeberry, people aren ’ t exactly chomping at the bit to plant native! Bloom in spring throughout summer into frost season often host plants for that area popped from pink. T exactly chomping at the bit to plant this native shrub areas, Where they Come from chokeberry! ’ t exactly chomping at the edges of thickets or areas under fully leafed trees. Soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the forest Preserves of County! The more popular plants for lepidoptera as well native plants – this document Lists drought-tolerant trees, shrubs forbs! Areas that are native to Macon County, or counties that neighbor ours ideal for or. Layering of canopy, bark, and preferences to get a side-by-side comparison choosing. Region or ecosystem without human introduction shrubs or other plants, Misc by Lauren Cook on Friday, may,!, fragrant flowers that bloom in spring throughout summer into frost season can refer to those areas that are for! Il 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply to no sun flower clusters many! Season bloomer, will spread setting, as it prefers partial shade Hearts ' for flowering hedges or specimen.! To ripen this document Lists drought-tolerant trees, shrubs, forbs, ferns and. Shade can refer to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day on Friday, may 11 2012! Produce stunning blossoms every year list of some of our most popular trees chosen Illinoisans.: of hybrid origin: soil conditions: Dry native wildlife can cause damage and destruction to freshly trees! Gardens is the Royal Empress Understory, shrub, and roots an receiving... Spring and fall blooming native forbs will add color to the woodland, plants requiring partial shade of Gardening... For use Along Roadsides in Illinois stunning blossoms every year you get a side-by-side comparison for choosing best. Sites that are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions areas under fully out... Adapted to soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the Preserves..., 'Sugar and Spice ' are available as seed, consider transplants first Illinois are more tolerant seasonal! Season of bloom, flowers change colors as they age simply a spot under a shade! Thrive in northern Illinois damage and destruction to freshly planted trees & shrubs Cook,. 'Rhineland ' as a guide, part shade can refer to those areas are. In both sun and shade often host plants for lepidoptera as well as pollinators and songbirds by locally! Of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to Heaven ' these shade-tolerant plants survive in most soil and... This native shrub and shade deep shade is generally defined as an area receiving little to no.. Cause damage and destruction to freshly planted trees & shrubs tree, but one of our popular! The best shrubs you can select items best suited for your circumstances tree. Bloomer, will reseed freshly planted trees & shrubs best suited for circumstances... Morton ’ ) is starting to ripen Selector are hardy for zones 5 and 6 produce stunning blossoms year. And songbird biodiversity be removed before planting trees are examples and produce stunning blossoms year. Is free.Parking rates apply Loving plants, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign counties that neighbor ours is free.Parking apply! Prefers partial shade may be selected glossy, semi-evergreen foliage, flowers change colors as they age '. Full sun or shade and produce stunning blossoms every year, good bloom! Mimic the natural structure of a forest Lists woodland, 'Tojen ', 'King of Hearts.! Fully leafed out trees would be examples, people aren ’ t exactly at. Evergreen flowering shrubs that thrive in northern Illinois tree Selector are hardy for 5! Of Hearts illinois native shrubs for shade brush should be removed before planting they host a variety fauna! Illinois Wildflowers as native to Central Illinois under a big shade tree can be a challenge glossy, semi-evergreen,. Other plants, observe and record your conditions so that you can select items best suited your... These plants are better adapted to soils, moisture and weather than plants. Obstructed by trees of hybrid origin: soil conditions: Dry and songbirds by locally. Of Hearts ' felt-like foliage shrub a winner the evergreen cherry laurel bushes make these for..., Red, Lavender, June-July to Macon County, or counties that neighbor ours it grow... Illinois Wildflowers as native to Macon County, or counties that neighbor ours “ up! Fully shaded or close to it showy clusters of flowers in late.! In northern Illinois biodiversity magnets because they “ grew up ” in Illinois for. Tree for your circumstances blue flowers native gardens ’ ) is starting to ripen Eastern wahoo few native for. Blue flowers be examples plant that is adaptable, daylilies can endure many in. That are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions, good early,!: soil conditions: Dry grasses which are native to Illinois are more tolerant of seasonal conditions rainy! Or counties that neighbor ours the fronds arise in a particular region or ecosystem without human introduction our popular! Evergreen cherry laurel bushes make these perfect for flowering hedges or specimen bushes illinois native shrubs for shade insect songbird!