First of all, you should pay attention to damp and warm places(basement), the exterior and interior surfaces of the foundation, particularly construction where wood is on or near the soil. You are actually far more likely to spot the signs of termite damage before you spot termites themselves. Termites have three main developmental stages, unlike ants which have four. How often should my home be treated for termites? One of the best ways to identify whether you are looking at termite holes is to check the opening’s size. Preferring to live in dark or subterranean spaces, the foundations and walls of houses often make perfect sites for infestations. Rated 4.2/5 Based on 172 Verified Ratings. Do termites really look like ants? The difference between these two pests will greatly impact the type of service needed to control them in your property. We offer comprehensive inspection, treatment and prevention services. Since the worker termites in these groups more or less look the same, the appearance of the reproductive caste (alates) and soldiers is important. Some related features that identify them from different insects like bugs are nevertheless shared by termites. Termite swarmers can look like flying ants, and the two are often confused. The different types of termite have different ‘signatures’ in the way that they damage your timber. Termites often measure between an eighth of an inch to an inch. Inspect your attic for evidence of damaged wood. Termites are similar in size to ants, which often leads to confusion, especially in their winged stage. Making Sure They Are Actually Termites Hi, I’m Chris, the Bug Guy, from Do My Own Pest Control.com. These insects are about the same size as ants and always move in armies. Males and females pair off and land to look for a nesting site. Many photos online will show you the destruction termites cause to wood, but in general, wood is affected by termites in the following ways: Click the button below to leave your information and we’ll be in touch with a free quote! Appears soft. This can be caused by termites chewing through wood in search of cellulose, leaving behind long grooves. They have no legs or eyes, nor do they appear to have a separate, segmented head. They have a pale brown, soft body, no eyes or wings, and hard mouthparts for chewing wood. Look at the picture, you have seen that termites have soft bodies and do not have any body armor. Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. We passionately and continuously work as a team to protect our common goals, culture, and our most precious asset: our customers. They have strong claws to grip wooden surfaces and strong jaws for chewing wooden fibres. How to check for termite damage? Termites can look like ants, however, they can be distinguished by their visible wings, straight antennae compared to ants bent antennae, relatively thick waists, hard exoskeletons, and very dark color.. Homes are always exposed to not just weather, but to insects as well. That is because they live in the ground or deep inside the wood they are feeding on. Do I still need a termite inspection? Like ants and some bees and wasps from the separate order Hymenoptera, termites divide as "workers" and "soldiers" that are usually sterile. Look for tiny holes in the wood with evidence of frass collecting below — the termites push their droppings out of their galleries to keep them clean. They also have eyes but their wings do not develop further. Formosan TermiteCoptotermes formosanus 4. This is because subterranean termites bore wood along the wood grain. Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. The queen produces chemicals called pheromones that are passed around the colony and prevent the other reproductives from developing functional reproductive organs. The young soldiers, which are called pseudergates, act as workers until they mature and then become fully fledged soldiers. Termites may bore small holes into sections of this wood. It is therefore important to identify which species is present to plan the most effective strategy for eradication, monitoring and future protection. Dampwood and drywood termites live and breed inside the wood they are feeding on, whereas subterranean termites build their nests in the ground or near sources of moisture above ground and send out the workers to forage for wood sources. Because it takes a long time for termite damage to become noticeable, it’s important to have termite control services to prevent infestations. The young nymphs are sometimes referred to as larvae and then nymphs after several moults. Ants come into our homes looking for the food that we eat, such as sweet foods and protein sources, whereas the pest termites feed on wood and other cellulose sources such as paper. But not many people really know what a termite looks like; and the reason for this is mainly because subterranean termites nest underground, travel underground, and feed on the inside of wood. Do termites really look like ants? Termite swarmers can look like flying ants, and they are often confused. Cryptotermes spp. So, when these termites begin to do damage, it will usually be hidden from view, only seen if you're doing a renovation or tearing up a stump in the yard. Wood can also get weaker due to water damage or dry rot. This is what termites look like to the human eyes. What do subterranean termites consume: wood, grass, concrete or something else? Dry rot looks more like splintering wood, where water damage will appear wet and soggy. Lyme Disease vs. COVID-19. In fact ants are the main predators of termites, with some species of ant highly adapted to attacking ants and even co-habiting termite nests. On close examination, however, you can easily tell the difference, as shown in the graphic and description below. Types Of Termites. The amount of wood a single colony destroys principally depends on the type of termite, the type and condition of wood, and what has been done to treat the wood. The mold is the sign that the wooden structure has already began to decompose and you should carefully inspect it for termites’ activity. These develop into the neotenics (see below), which are one of the reproductive types and have the ability to produce eggs in the colony in certain situations. If a homeowner finds a small pile of what looks like pellets inside or outside the home, it could be a sign of a drywood termite infestation. These areas or blisters can indicate termites feeding within or below. At Rentokil, we confirm the invading termite species through a visual identification of the insects themselves rather than just looking at the evidence of the damage to your building and its location. It is easy to diagnose a termite infestation when you notice damaged wood, which often appears tunneled-through and sounds hollow. The pellets look like coffee grounds. When termites feed on the cellulose contained by wood, the wood source will become brittle and hollow. Owing to their secretive nature, termites can be hard to detect, especially with an untrained eye. Unfortunately, subterranean termites can be surprisingly subtle… until they aren’t. The mud tunnels. • I think I have termites. Learn to identify psocids or booklice. Western dry wood soldiers have white spots in the places where there are eyes in some species, have more rounded head and club-like parts on their antennae. In some cases, wood shavings may appear, and wood will be left looking rather splintered. and Incisitermes spp.. Termites are insects that feed on wood. Therefore it is important to recognise the different types of termite that are present in one colony. Do termites really look like ants? Anything containing cellulose is a feast for these insects with an insatiable appetite. Termites are very small and similar in size to ants, which often leads to confusion. Mold is stinking and can be gray, yellow, green, white or black. Call Rentokil today for advice and to schedule a termite inspection of your property. In some cases, you may notice wood shavings or wood that looks rather splintered. Another species from light western dry wood termites own also club-like segments, which have, practically, the same length as other parts of their antennae. Just like the other termites, they have antennae that are straight. When the wood gives way, it is because the termites have eaten through so much of the wood that there isn’t enough left to support weight. Not only the structural damage, it also can create bad odor in your house. Notice in this example of termite baseboard damage how the top of the baseboard has been virtually destroyed, and it appears to be almost shredded by the termites. Alates are the winged male and female reproductives that swarm out from the nest at certain times of the year or the rainy season. There are ways that will help you to discover the presence of subterranean termitesinside and outside your dwelling by your own. Subterranean termites typically eat along the grain of the wood Subterranean termites are known to make "carton" nests in wall voids and in trees. They degrade wood, as well as its derivatives used in construction. In some species, such as the invasive West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis) there are no true workers. What do Drywood Termites Look Like? Frass looks like sawdust, but on close inspection is composed of even-sized grains with six sides. Workers. What do Drywood Termites Look Like? Drywood Termites Facts, Identification & Control Latin Name. Cryptotermes spp. Size & Length: they typically measure between 1/4 and 1/2 of an inch long. Termites can also come up through tight cracks in concrete. Where Should I Look for Termites? They slightly resemble flying ants when they’re in their swarming stage, but the two are easily confused with each other. They have functional sexual organs and the females can produce eggs when the queen dies or its influence is reduced. • How do I treat wood rot that's listed in my termite-WDO report? On the surface, you may notice that the wood has a look that is almost blistered in appearance. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung. What does a termite look like? Antennae: Beadlike. Wood that has been eaten away by subterranean termites- for instance- will exhibit definite honeycomb patterns along its surface. When termites feed on the cellulose contained by wood, the wood source will become brittle and hollow. The nymphs differentiate into reproductives, workers or soldiers. Dry wood termites can be distinguished from the others by the fact that they have relatively shorter legs. What do baby termites look like? • What's causing those holes in the fascia? Body: The pests have soft bodies and straight antennae. Termite swarmers can look like flying ants, and they are often confused. Cannot be combined with any other offers or coupons. Soldiers defend the colony against attack by predatory enemies such as ants. 2. However, the inside of the wood will look layered or like a honeycomb. Rentokil are the experts in protecting homes, commercial buildings and institutions such as schools, hospitals and care homes. Take a look at the top three signs of termite activity below: 1. An ant’s body has noticeable segmentation with a pinched waist, while a termite’s body is more tube-shaped. Another indication of termites is frass – piles of droppings that look like sand, or small pellets, pushed out of the nest as they consume wood. Learn What Termites Look Like. Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. Head sometimes modified for defence. The workers then take over the caring and feeding of the young nymphs and also groom and feed the queen. As the infestation progresses, wood flooring or paneling may begin to look blistered, warped, or water damaged. Look for termite tubes around the foundation of your home on the stem wall. and Neotermes spp. They are tiny but visible to the naked eye. In some cases, wood shavings may appear, and wood will be left looking rather splintered. © 2020 Rentokil Initial plc and subject to the conditions in the legal statement. Further, fecal pellets are produced by them in a large scale. Termites have several stages in their life cycle from egg to adult and they also have different types, called castes, which have different roles in the nest and look different. Sometimes, destroyed wood can sound empty and dull, though it looks normal. As termites consume cellulose found in timber within walls, the visible cracks could be a sign of termite activity inside. Swarming termites range from about 1/4-inch long to 3/8- inch long which is roughly the same same size as a carpenter ant or a large fire ant. Hollow-like empty wood or wood with small holes in it. What do termites look like? The appearance of termite damage can vary but generally manifests in unexplained wood damage, broken flooring, sagging ceilings, and more. Wall damage - Look for unexplained cracks on internal walls. Worker and soldier termites have very small or no eyes at all. Ant larvae look like grubs. Also, they have a pair of straight antennae. Shortly after landing they snap their wings off and either excavate a small chamber in the soil (subterranean termites) or find suitable timber to create a nest (dampwood and drywood termites) then mate and produce eggs. Find out more about identifying termites from the damage that they cause. They are also covered in tiny hairs. They are both male and female but are sterile. They look like other species of dry wood in being deeper and larger-bodied than other termites that dwell underground. They undergo what is termed incomplete metamorphosis, which has no pupal stage: Development is controlled by pheromones produced by the queen and one caste can develop into another caste, depending on the termite species and the requirements of the colony. There are neglected cases, when after the screwdriver inspection, the decomposed wood starts to crumble and break. The points below explaining the difference between subterranean and drywood termites could be of help when checking your building for signs of activity: Subterranean termites begin feeding on timber from the ground up and mostly enter a building through the sub-structure. Aside from the information contained in our pest identification tool, here are some quick tips for identifying whether the pest you’re dealing with is actually a termite: Length: Termites range in size between 1/8" and 1” in length. Although they have distinct characteristics, most look similar. Termites are tiny insects that cause big destruction. Drywood termites typically enter structures near the roof line or other exposed wood to begin building a colony. • Does wood chip mulch in the yard attract termites? Now that we answered the question “what do termites look like?” hopefully now you can identify whether you do have termites or not. Termite identification begins and ends with the queen. They have no legs or eyes, nor do they appear to have a separate, segmented head. Ant wings are larger in front and smaller in the back. You can easily check it with the help of a screwdriver: just softly nock the wood and hear the outcome.  or contact us. It becomes a pain to permanently get rid of all these impacts. Subterranean termites usually damage the subfloor making it look like it has water damage. The older workers excavate or build the nest, construct the tunnels and forage for food which they bring back to the nest and feed to the other termites. Residential: 1300 307 576Commercial: 1300 307 148, or fill out your details and we will call you back, If you suspect you have termites, call us today on 1300 307 825 (office hours) or contact us online, the queen produces neotenics by parthenogenesis, West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis) there are no true workers, species of termite that forage in the open, identifying termites from the damage that they cause, Nymph/ larva: these resemble small adults on hatching, Adult: queen, king, reproductives, workers, soldiers, Termites have a straight ‘waist’ between the thorax and abdomen, Termites have a blunt end to their abdomen, Most ant species have a sharp end which can sting or spray toxic chemicals, Termite front and rear wings are of equal length and longer than the body, The front wings of ants are a similar length to their body and longer than the rear pair, The bodies of termites workers and soldiers are beige or tan coloured in most species and the alates are brown. There are over 300 species of termites in Australia, but only a handful cause problems. The CSIRO recommends property is inspected at least annually to detect termites before they can do major damage. After hours calls will be returned the next business day. Depending on whether the termite is a worker, a soldier or a reproducer, the color will vary from black to cream. Size & Length: they typically measure between 1/4 and 1/2 of an inch long. There are three distinct groups into which termites are divided: subterranean, drywood, and dampwood. After the termites have been dealt with, you then have the issue of repairing a damaged deck or porch. Their unusual appetite draws us to our homes to dine on any wood it can find. Different species of termites have different habits and pose different risks to your property. Most workers will stay workers and perform the task of consuming food and sharing that food with the other individuals in … In other occasions, they look like saw dust or even sand. Does not apply to past balances or outstanding invoices. How often should my home be inspected for termites? So what do termites look like? What do termites look like? https://www.myheronhome.com/.../damage/what-does-termite-damage-look-like They feed off cellulose-containing materials like timber. Termites are usually hidden in the walls as they feast on wood, compromising your building’s structural integrity. This is often confused for water damage. The main difference is in the body shape. Identifying termites doesn’t have to be complicated. These soldiers are usually smaller than the workers. Termites tunnel through wood to ingest cellulose, causing the source of wood to become brittle and hollow. See the termite species page for more information on subterranean, drywood and dampwood termites. Wood damaged by subterranean termites has ‘galleries’ (hollow tunnels) that run along the grain of the wood as it is softer and easier to eat. Appearance. Home » Termite Learning Center – Termite Information » Termite Damage » What Does Termite Damage Look Like? They do not emerge again from the nest and may live for several decades. There are three distinct groups into which termites are divided: subterranean, drywood, and dampwood. The long-winged termite nymphs have eyes and wing buds that eventually develop into full wings. Feeling Like a Termite Pro? They organize themselves in a very efficient way among themselves. The eggs hatch to produce nymphs that are cared for by the young workers. Subterranean termites can cause damage to the subfloor, which can make your wood flooring appear as if it has water damage. On those occasions, the colonies can reach population numbers in the thousands if left unchecked. 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