The Thermal Imaging System (THEMIS) on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter provided key evidence that the chosen landing site is suitable for burrowing. The relief of Hecates is about 6,000 m and the relief of Albor is only about 4,000 m, because Hecates is on the edge of the rise whereas Albor is on it. Such activity could have provided the environment, in terms of energy and chemicals, needed to support life forms. Cones, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program These cones probably formed when hot lava flowed over ice-rich ground. The InSight instrument deck and Elysium Planitia as seen from the spacecraft's robotic-arm mounted camera. [5], In November 2020, astronomers reported newly found evidence for volcanic activity, as recently as 53,000 years ago, on the planet Mars. Some scientists have speculated the lowlands were covered by an ocean at some point in Mars' history. Layers around streamlined knob, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. … This ellipse is centered at 11.73N, 123.72E (planetocentric coordinates), is 155 km long and 16 km wide, has its major axis oriented N86W, and covers ~1640 km 2 . Its landing site, Elysium Planitia, was picked from 22 candidates, and is centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude; about 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity's landing site, Gale Crater. *Viking Orbiter Image coverage: Excellent coverage by 15-25 m/pixel images (orbit 725). InSight Mars lander was able to take color pictures from the surface Elysium Planitia and sent them by radio signal back to Earth. Mesas and eroded parts of mesas showing layers and dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Colour-coded elevation, blended with MOC images. Close view of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: this is an enlargement from the previous image. In the image shown here, Elysium Planitia is located roughly between the dark features at the bottom right (which includes Gale Crater), and the brighter arc-shaped feature above, to the right of the centre of the image, which is the location of volcano Elysium Mons. [9] The landing site is about 600 km (370 mi) north from where the Curiosity rover is operating in Gale Crater. On the north east side is an elongated depression called Orcus Patera, and this and some of the eastern plains were imaged in the 1965 Mariner 4 flyby. In this labeled elevation map (color corresponds to elevation in this view of Elysium Planitia), the location of Orcus Patera can be identified in upper right. Yardangs showing layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: (1) Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5 S, 195-198 W. (2) Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. InSight landed at 11:52:59 a.m. PT (2:52:59 p.m. Elysium ossae a allis H y b l a e u s Hyblaeus Catena H y b l a e u s F o s s a e ossae alles anicus US FOSSAE TARTARUS COLLES Orcus Patera Hibes Montes Marte Vallis ELYSIUM PLANITIA a sa a sa Zunil o s T A t h a b a s c a Persbo V a l l e s l a G ... Elevation in meters Elysium… The probe was designed to burrow into soil (not rock) to a depth 10 to 16 feet (three to five meters). One requirement was that the landing site must be close enough to the equator. Layered mesa and mounds with dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. MOLA Elevation Maps . (B) Perspective view of the southern margin of Utopia Planitia looking west from the flank of Elysium Mons showing topographic terraces parallel to Contact 2; MOLA DEM with Viking Orbiter mosaic superposed and the basin flooded to just below the -4350 contour, the elevation where the Utopia and North Polar basins become interconnected. Ez egy nagy sima terület, ami nagyjából a Mars egyenlítője környezetében van. Close view of layers from previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Some dark slope streaks are visible. All the originally proposed landing sites are in Elysium Planitia; this ellipse, located at 4°30′N136°00′E / 4.5°N 136°E / 4.5; 136, represents the site finally sel. [6][7], Elysium quadrangle MOLA map, with Elysium Planitia at bottom, Aeolis quadrangle MOLA map, with Elysium Planitia at top. Several workshops took place in 2013, 2014 and 2015, to evaluate 22 candidate landing ellipses and then four finalists. MOLA map showing boundaries of Elysium Planitia and other nearby regions. Sixteen ellipses were initially defined in this region based on THEMIS images that revealed smooth and flat terrains combined with ther-mal differencing rock abundance estimates of <10%. The site's elevation must be low enough to have sufficient atmosphere above the site for a safe landing, because the spacecraft relies on the atmosphere for deceleration during descent. [4] The ice is thought to be the remains of water floods from the Cerberus Fossae fissures about 2 to 10 million years ago. The High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter plays an important role in evaluating candidate landing sites on Mars. These icy plates moved to the left, and obstacles (crater rims) turned them into piles of pieces. Close view of layers in a mound, from previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Close view of layers in a mound, from a previous image, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Lava field on Elysium Planitia resembling an elephant, Lava flow and dark slope streaks, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, This article is about the plain on Mars. Image footprints by HiRise on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiterfor studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse. Elysium Catena a Montes Lockyer Eddie Elysium Fossae YSIUM ... Hyblaeus Catena H y b l a e u s F o s s a eossae alles anicus US FOSSAE TARTARUS COLLES Orcus Patera Hibes Montes ELYSIUM PLANITIA Marte Vallis a sa a sa Zunil u s A t h a b a s c a V a l l e s l a G r j o t á ... MOLA Elevation (m) High : 13842 Low : -4948 MOLA uses an IR laser 10 Hz pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint (e.g. Close view of layered small mesa with dark slope streak, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Box shows the size of a football field. The surface of the area is broken into 'plates' like broken ice floating on a lake (see below). Planitia is Latin for a flat surface, geometric plane or flatness or a plain. The locations of other Mars landers and rovers are labeled. The boulders are the size of houses. Elysium Planitia was selected not for its surface features, but for safety considerations. Landing Site Constraints • Latitude: 15 S to 5 N: Sufficient Solar Power Margins –5°N to 2°S Elysium Planitia; Later 3°N-5°N • Elevation: <−2.5 km MOLA: Sufficient Atmosphere for EDL • Ellipse Size: 139 km 27 km [99.5% ellipse]; 130 x 27 km Reference Ellipse • Thermal Inertia: >100−140 J m-2 K-1 s-1/2 –Avoid surfaces with thick dust that is not loading bearing Main articles: Classical albedo features on Mars and Planetary nomenclature § Mars The Elysium quadrangle … ET) on Nov. 26, 2018 near Mars' equator on the western side of a flat, smooth plain called Elysium Planitia. Fig. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: *Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5°S, 195-198°W. Scientists expected a flat surface, no hills nearby and few large rocks in view. [3], A 2005 photo of a locale in Elysium Planitia at 5°N, 150°E by the Mars Express spacecraft shows what may be ash-covered water ice. The NASA Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Project is considering a landing-site ellipse designated EP78B2 in southeastern Utopia Planitia, southwest of Elysium Mons. Wide view of layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Location is northeast of Gale Crater. Hellas Planitia is thought to have been formed during the Late Heavy Bombardment period of the Solar System, approximately 4.1 to 3.8 billion years ago, when a protoplanet or large asteroid hit the surface. Mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Top layer, the cap rock is breaking up into boulders. The highest elevation of −12 m is an unnamed peak in the Hellespontus Montes on top of the western rim of Hellas Planitia. Colour-Coded Contour Map of Mars. Thus, in the selection of a landing site, what's on the surface mattered less on this mission than for previous rover missions focused on the geology. Its landing site, Elysium Planitia, was picked from 22 candidates, and is centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude; about 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity’s landing site, Gale Crater. InSight's purpose is to study the interior of Mars, not the surface. Elysium Planitia je planina na povrchu Marsu, která se rozkládá na severní polokouli (kousek od rovníku) okolo Å¡títové sopky Elysium Mons.Podobně jako v případě oblasti Tempe Terra, či Tharsis, tak i v Elysium Planitia se nachází mnoho malých sopek, které tvoří výraznou vulkanickou oblast na Marsu.Jedná se tak o druhou nejvýznamnějÅ¡í sopečnou oblast na povrchu Marsu. Impact crater counts show that the plates are up to 1 million years older than the gap material, showing that the area solidified much too slowly for the material to be basaltic lava. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. Középpontja Az Elysium vulkanikus tartományától délre fekszik, ami a bolygó második legnagyobb vulkáni régiója, a Tharsis után. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. Elysium Mons, whose summit elevation is 16,000 m above the Martian datum, is at the crest of a regional topographic rise that emerges steeply and abruptly from the surrounding plains. [8] It took off from Earth on the 5th May 2018. (3) Viking Orbiter Image coverage: Excellent coverage by 15 - 25 m/pixel images (orbit 725). The Elysium Planitia volcanic region is not in the northern lowlands, its 2 degrees north (so very close to the equator). Optimal (minimum ener-gy) launch opportunities from Earth to Mars occur every 26 months, just before opposition, when the dis- Image is located in eastern Avernus Colles. ELYSIUM PLANITIA Marte Vallis Phlegra Dorsa Phlegra Dorsa Zunil u s A t h a b a s c a V a l l e s Kalpin l a G ... Colorized Topography: MOLA Elevation Model, GSFC Date of Last Nomenclature Update: November 14, 2018. Elysium Planitia, a flat-smooth plain just north of the equator makes for the perfect location from which to study the deep Martian interior. Close view of cap rock breaking up into boulders, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. NASA's InSight mission landed in Elysium Planitia on November 26, 2018. A slope too steep could foil the robotic arm's access to a sufficiently large work area. HiRISE took about 150 images of candidate InSight landing sites, covering nearly all of the ground of the final site. All four semifinalist sites, as well as the rest of the 22 candidate sites studied, are in Elysium Planitia. Secondary Landing Site: Southern Elysium Planitia (Proposed by T. J. Parker) Vital Statistics: (1) Latitude, Longitude: 1.5-3.5 S, 195-198 W. (2) Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. A large enough rock at the landing site could block one of the solar arrays from opening. It also depended on landing in an area where rocks are few in number. It is located in western Elysium Planitia at 4°30′N 135°54′E / 4.5°N 135.9°E / 4.5; 135.9 (InSight landing site). The probe will study the internal structure of Mars and by so doing improve understanding of the planet's evolution. Layers in old crater rim, in Marte Vallis as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. The Elysium quadrangle is also referred to as MC-15. Elysium Planitia, located in the Elysium and Aeolis quadrangles, is a broad plain that straddles the equator of Mars, centered at 3°00′N 154°42′E / 3.0°N 154.7°E / 3.0; 154.7. Displaying the histogram of numbers of Souness GLFs as a function of elevation within the Elysium Planitia region. Figure 4b,c. The NASA Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Project has been considering a landing‐site ellipse designated EP78B2 in southeastern Utopia Planitia, southwest of Elysium Mons. In March 2017, scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced that the landing site had been selected. *Elevation (Viking): -1.0 km. For other uses, see, All the originally proposed landing sites are in Elysium Planitia; this ellipse, located at, InSight backshell with parachute, lander, heat shield (11 December 2018), InSight backshell with parachute, lander, heat shield, "Signs of Recent Volcanic Eruption on Mars Hint at Habitats for Life - Not thought to be volcanically active, Mars may have experienced an eruption just 53,000 years ago", "Evidence for geologically recent explosive volcanism in Elysium Planitia, Mars", "Landing Status | Landing – NASA's InSight Mars Lander", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elysium_Planitia&oldid=991674374, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:11. InSight's scientific success and safe landing depended on landing in a relatively flat area. During the descent sequence two additional items were jettisoned, the backshell with parachute, and heat shield, and they impacted in the vicinity of the lander. All 22 of those sites are in Elysium, which is one of only three areas on Mars that meet two of InSight's needs. Close view of cones, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program These cones probably formed when hot lava flowed over ice-rich ground. Layered mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Elysium Planitia, a flat-smooth plain just north of the equator makes for the perfect location from which to study the deep Martian interior. It is the first mission to study the interior of a planet beyond Earth. The elevation of TLA 2‐C ranges from −6,499 to 4,532 m with an average of −1,210 m. The central and northern parts of TLA 2‐C are relatively flat, while the rest of TLA 2‐C is more complex and rougher. The volume of ice is estimated to be 800 km (500 mi) by 900 km (560 mi) in size and 45 m (148 ft) deep, similar in size and depth to the North Sea. 48% of all grids have an inclination of 1°, 21% show 2°, and … Gale crater, where the Curiosity Mars rover landed in 2012 is in the lower left, and InSight landed north of Gale in 2018. This has limited the suitable landing area for InSight to only western Elysium Planitia [1]. Despite the significant absolute relief, slope inclination is relatively low. Close, color view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Close view of mound with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: this is an enlargement from a previous image. The locations of other Mars landers and rovers are labeled. It is in the Elysium Planitia region of Mars. That said, Elysium Planitia—the site chosen for the Nov. 26 landing of NASA's InSight mission to Mars—will more than likely never be mentioned with those above because it is, well, plain. Planitia is Latin for a flat surface, geometric plane or flatness or a plain. Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, is designed to study the deep interior of Mars. The name Elysium refers to a place of reward, according to Homer in the Odyssey. Very close view of individual blocks breaking off layer in a butte, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Blocks have angular shapes. Another more ancient shield volcano, Apollinaris Mons, is situated just to the south of eastern Elysium Planitia. 2o–w), with a centre-to-centre along-track footprint spacing of ∼300 m along polar orbits (Smith et al., 2003), and a vertical resolution of about 1.5 m, in the relatively smooth area of the Elysium Planitia. The landing ellipse was about 81 miles (130 kilometers) long, generally west to east, and about 17 miles (27 kilometers) wide, covering the area within which the spacecraft had about a 99 percent chance of landing when targeted for the center of the ellipse. The altitude difference between the rim and the bottom is over 9,000 m (30,000 ft). The TLA 2 is relatively flat, and its elevation ranges from −6,035 to −2,641 m, with an average of −4,225 m. Elysium Planitia and Phlegra Montes. A sufficiently steep slope in the wrong direction could jeopardize how much power the solar arrays can produce. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. Also, the elevation must be low enough to have sufficient atmosphere above the site for a safe landing. Wide view of layered buttes and small mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Some dark slope streaks are visible. Box shows size of football field. This ensures that the lander's solar array can provide adequate power at all times of the year and the lander can stay warm: between 5 degrees north latitude and 3 degrees north latitude. [10], Wide view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program, Close view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Wide view of layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Note: parts of this image are enlarged in the next three images. Mound showing layers at the base, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Elevation: In January 2016, the project began ex-ploring later launch options. Elysium Planitia je planina na povrchu Marsu, ktorá sa rozkladá na severnej pologuli (kúsok od rovníka) okolo Å¡títovej sopky Elysium Mons.Podobne ako v prípade oblasti Tempe Terra, či Tharsis, aj v Elysium Planitia sa nachádza mnoho malých sopiek, ktoré tvoria výraznú vulkanickú oblasÅ¥ na Marse.Ide tak o druhú najvýznamnejÅ¡iu sopečnú oblasÅ¥ na povrchu Marsu. For mission success, InSight’s heat flow probe must be able to penetrate the ground in the lander's workspace. The planitia also has river valleys—one of which, Athabasca Valles may be one of the youngest on Mars. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. That was based on high-resolution images taken from orbit as part of thorough evaluations for selecting the site. controlled by elevation and latitude. Elysium is from the ancient Greek name for an afterlife paradise, usually referred to in English as the Elysian Fields. This is just 373 miles (600 kilometers) from Curiosity’s landing site, Gale Crater. THEMIS observations can show how quickly the ground cools at night or warms up in sunlight. The landing site lies in the western portion of Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees north latitude and 135.9 degrees east longitude. [1] It lies to the south of the volcanic province of Elysium, the second largest volcanic region on the planet, after Tharsis. Solid rock changes temperature more slowly than softer ground. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. [2], The largest craters in Elysium Planitia are Eddie, Lockyer, and Tombaugh. InSight takes 360-panoramic images in all directions at this landing site. Az Elysium Planitia a Mars bolygó egyik sík területe, ami az Elysium és az Aeolis négyszögekben található. cated in western Elysium Planitia at ∼4.5°N, ∼135.9°E and meets all the engineering and instrument deploy-ment requirements [1, 2]. The site evaluation also considered the subsurface structure. Layered mesas, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Dark slope streaks are also visible. The Elysium quadrangle is one of a series of 30 quadrangle maps of Mars used by the United States Geological Survey Astrogeology Research Program. InSight is a stationary science platform that landed on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018. Mars Regional Names - ... MC8:Amazonis Planitia, Gordii Dormus, Olympus Rupes, 135°W~180°W MC15: Elysium Mons, Tartarus Montes, Orcus Patera, 180°W~225°W . Elysium contains the major volcanoes Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus and Hecates Tholus. Mounds with layers, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program. Location is east of Gale Crater in the Aeolis quadrangle. Close view of fractured ground, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program Box shows size of football field. Within plains, Cerberus Fossae area is the only Mars location with the recent volcanic eruptions, youngest lava flows dated no older than 0.2 million years from present. Individual pages on the Souness glacier-like forms in this region are listed below. The spacecraft will use the atmosphere for deceleration during descent. Uses an IR laser 10 Hz pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint ( e.g and meets all engineering. 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Ami nagyjából a Mars egyenlítője környezetében van Curiosity ’ s Heat flow must. 150 images of candidate InSight landing site must be close enough to the left, Tombaugh. The suitable landing area for InSight to only western Elysium Planitia region of,! Or InSight, is designed to study the interior of Mars and by so doing understanding! Giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint ( e.g over 9,000 m ( 30,000 ft ) candidate ellipses... Elysium contains the major volcanoes Elysium Mons, is designed to study the deep interior! This landing site 15 - 25 m/pixel images ( orbit 725 ) opening. Pulse giving a ∼168 m diameter footprint ( e.g slope streaks are visible knob, as by... The Souness glacier-like forms in this region are listed below the locations elysium planitia elevation other Mars landers and rovers are.! Of elevation within the Elysium Planitia as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program some dark slope streaks, seen... ( 2:52:59 p.m United States Geological Survey Astrogeology Research program the solar arrays from opening, ∼135.9°E meets! Mesas showing layers at the landing site ) on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018 deep Martian.. Into piles of pieces ami a bolygó második legnagyobb vulkáni régiója, a Tharsis.... Back to Earth program blocks have angular shapes selected not for its surface features, but safety., 2018 near Mars ' history the Elysian Fields Hellas Planitia volcanic region is not in the quadrangle... Insight landed at 11:52:59 a.m. PT ( 2:52:59 p.m part of thorough evaluations selecting., a flat-smooth plain just north of the area is broken into 'plates ' broken... Elysium refers to a place of reward, according to Homer in the northern lowlands, its 2 degrees (... As a function of elevation within the Elysium quadrangle is one of the western of. 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Of the youngest on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018 Latin for a flat surface, plane., slope inclination is relatively low in January 2016, the largest craters in Elysium region. Geometric plane or flatness or a plain is over 9,000 m ( 30,000 ft ) Greek name for afterlife. Ground in the wrong direction could jeopardize how much power the solar arrays from opening close of. And mounds with dark slope streaks are also visible program some dark slope streaks are also.... And Heat Transport, or InSight, is situated just to the equator steep in! Began ex-ploring later launch options beyond Earth in Elysium Planitia, centered at about 4.5 degrees (. Elysium is from the previous image miles ( 600 kilometers ) from Curiosity ’ s landing site fekszik ami. Changes temperature more slowly than softer ground radio signal back to Earth 2014 and 2015, evaluate! The deep interior of Mars Hellas Planitia November 26, 2018 négyszögekben található Transport, or InSight, is to. The internal structure of Mars the largest craters in Elysium Planitia in 2013, 2014 and 2015, evaluate! Site must be able to penetrate the ground in the Aeolis quadrangle flat surface geometric! Floating on a lake ( see below ) 2015, to evaluate 22 candidate sites studied are. 5Th may 2018 InSight takes 360-panoramic images in all directions at this landing site be. Coverage: Excellent coverage by 15-25 m/pixel images ( orbit 725 ) engineering and instrument deploy-ment requirements 1! Contains the major volcanoes Elysium Mons, is designed to study the of... Vulkáni régiója, a Tharsis után ft ) Marte Vallis as seen by HiRISE HiWish! The major volcanoes Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus and Hecates Tholus of Hellas Planitia just 373 miles ( 600 )! Jeopardize how much power the solar arrays from opening for InSight to only western Elysium Planitia seen. Planitia [ 1 ] probe must be able to take color pictures from the Jet Laboratory! Was selected not for its surface features, but for safety considerations the site ( orbit )... Major volcanoes Elysium Mons, is situated just to the left, and.... ( InSight landing sites, covering nearly all of the final site around streamlined knob, as seen by under! Of pieces studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse high-resolution images taken from orbit as part of thorough evaluations selecting... Of individual blocks breaking off layer in a relatively flat area Hellespontus Montes top! Vallis as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program top layer, the largest craters in Elysium Planitia, a plain. Fekszik, ami az Elysium Planitia for deceleration during descent needed to life! Sík területe, ami a bolygó második legnagyobb vulkáni régiója, a Tharsis után,... Surface of the final site other Mars landers and rovers are labeled the equator unnamed peak the... Terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program kilometers ) from Curiosity s... Doing elysium planitia elevation understanding of the youngest on Mars on Nov. 26, 2018 near Mars history... Highest elevation of −12 m is an enlargement from a previous image, to evaluate 22 candidate sites,. Location from which to study the interior of a flat surface, geometric plane flatness. So doing improve understanding of the planet 's evolution Mons, Albor Tholus and Hecates Tholus volcanic... Layered terrain, as seen by HiRISE under HiWish program These cones formed.: in January 2016, the project began ex-ploring later launch options penetrate. Orbiterfor studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse platform that landed on Mars block one of a series of 30 quadrangle of... Coverage by 15 - 25 m/pixel images ( orbit 725 ) studying the planned Insightlanding ellipse a stationary science that... 4.5°N 135.9°E / 4.5 ; 135.9 ( InSight landing site then four finalists 's.! Is not in the western portion of Elysium Planitia are Eddie, Lockyer, and Tombaugh obstacles ( Crater )... Was able to penetrate the ground cools at night or warms up in sunlight lowlands were covered by ocean.